Freemasonry: May a Christian be a Member?
Recently, I was confronted with the question: "Is
membership in the church of Christ compatible with membership in the
Masonic Lodge, Freemasonry?" I made a rather detailed study of what
constitutes Freemasonry in order that I might come to a personal
conviction in attempting to answer the above question.
I would like to share with you what I found.
Further, I ask of you to prayerfully consider my evaluation and
judgment regarding this matter of compatibility between the Masonic
Lodge and the church of Christ.
First in treating this subject, I will briefly
outline the organizational aspects of Masonry and then, secondly,
proceed to evaluate it as a religious organization.
Freemasonry or the Masonic Order had its beginning
in England. It was originally a society of cathedral builders in
the seventeenth century. The stone masons and stone cutters
constituted its membership. The Masonic Lodge was officially
established in the year 1717 in England. From England, Freemasonry
soon spread to continental Europe and by 1740 to North America. For
over 250 years "men have knelt to swear the solemn oaths of the
Masonic Lodges. Freemasonry was organized in England but four out of
five of the world's Freemasons now live in the U.S. They and their
brothers in other countries have made Freemasonry the largest
international secret society."1 There are over 16,000
Masonic Lodges in this country with a membership of over four and a
half million. How powerful the Masons are, is difficult to say, but
"in any single year the majority of state governors, senators, and
U.S. representatives are likely to be Freemasons."2
You may know that there is something called a 32nd degree mason. It is
the highest regular degree of Masonry, though there is also a 33rd
honorary degree. The three basic Masonic degrees are the Entered
Apprentice, Fellow Craft and Master Mason. These three degrees
constitute the Blue or Symbolic Lodge.
In this country after one has reached the 3rd
degree of Master Mason, he can follow one or both of two Masonic
rites. "A Master Mason may elect to climb one or both of the two
Masonic ladders of the higher rites: the Scottish or the York ...
About ... one out of four Master Masons have taken the Scottish
route."3 One in ten Masons belong to the York rite, which
is closed to Jews and other non-Christians. The principle officers of
a Masonic lodge are the Master, the Senior Warden and the Junior
Warden. The Master or chaplain begins the lodge meeting by reading a
portion of Scripture and with a word of prayer to the Supreme Being.
Membership in the lodge is forbidden to blacks and
to those who are not of a sound body such as the blind and crippled.
The candidate for membership in the lodge must express some belief in
a higher power than himself ... an avowed atheist cannot be made a
The candidate for membership must also take an oath
to keep inviolate the secrets of the order. The secrets include all
the instructions given in the lodge, the events of the lodge meeting
including its extensive, mysterious ritual and the lodges various
passwords and secret handgrips which serve as a mode of identification
for one Mason to another. The oath of the Entered Apprentice is in
part: "To all of this and these I solemnly and sincerely promise and
swear without equivocation ... binding myself under no less penalty
than having my throat cut from end to end, my tongue torn out by its
roots ... should I
knowingly ... violate this my solemn obligation ... So help me God
There is connected with induction into the Masonic
lodge also a mysterious, degrading, humiliating initiation. I do not
intend to describe it for you, but you may check some of the
literature available if you desire. The point of the initiatory rite
is to impress upon the candidate that as he becomes a member of the
lodge, he passes from the darkness and ignorance of non-Masonry to the
"light" of Masonry. In fact, the initiation is to depict the
candidates rising from the dead, an intellectual and spiritual
As we conclude our description of the Masonic Lodge
as an organization, I ask you to consider the following definition of
Freemasonry as provided by some of its own adherents; "Masonry is the
activity of closely united men who are employing symbolical forms
borrowed principally from the mason's trade and from architecture,
work for the welfare of mankind, striving morally to enable themselves
and others, and thereby to bring about a universal league of mankind,
which they aspire to exhibit even now on a small scale."6
This definition speaks of a commitment, a religious
commitment. Masonry is a religion.
It is a proud
religion! "It is true that Masonry is not a religion, but it is
Religion, a worship in which all good men may unite, that they may
share the faith of all."7
A rather proud assertion, you understand. Masonry, accordingly then,
transcends all the peripheral elements in all other religions or
faiths and unites them into one grand principle, which supposedly is
the heart and core of all religion. Hutchison remarks, "Masonry
directs us to divest ourselves of confined and bigoted notions and
teaches us that Humanity is the soul of Religion ... and as Mason we
only pursue the universal religion, the Religion of Nature."8
And from Mackey we read, "The religion of Masonry is cosmopolitan,
universal ... God is equally present with pious Hindu in the temple,
the Jew in the synagogue, the Mohammedan in the mosque, and the
Christian in the church."9 This is the religion of
Nature or the religion of Humanism. Its principles and goals are the
expression of what man will do in the name of goodness of humanity.
Masonry identified God with Nature. Man becomes his own God. Since
Nature is God and Man is the intellectual head of al nature it
stands to reason that Man must define his own religion. Masonry
refuses to recognize that God is the independent, self-sufficient
One, who is the Creator and Ruler of all things. God must in and
through an act of revelation define the content and object of
worship for man.
The god of Masonry has many different names.
He is the "Grand Architect," the "Supreme Being," the "all seeing
eye," the "Grand Being." This god of the Masons is not the One,
Personal, Triune, Living God of the Holy Scriptures. The Masons have a
pantheistic concept of God. God is Nature and Nature is God. "Its
G.O.D. is merely a symbol of nature; 'Nature self originated, the
cause of its own existence, as Pike says.'"10 The god of
Masonry is an idol of the mind. A god that man invented for his
In the lodge meeting place there is an altar and
placed on that altar there is a Bible. What conception of the "good
book" does Masonry have? Freemasonry, remember, accepts men of all
creeds into its brotherhood, and consequently, it accepts all the
"good books" of all religions. Masons are broadminded! Masonry often
quotes the Holy Bible, which fact lends to this evil movement a facade
of respectability. Their favourite passages are those concerning the
building of the temple, the prophets, and the four gospels. In Masonic
writings one will find repeated references to the good shepherd, the
good Samaritan, the ark of the covenant, the golden candlestick, the
temple and its priesthood, and even the resurrection. But all these
expressions and what they mean and represent according to the
Scriptures are corrupted and distorted by Masonry. The Bible of
Masonry is not the authoritative infallible Word, "its Bible is not
the Christian Book of Divine Revelation ... but merely one of many
religious books, such as the Koran, the Vedas, the Zendavesta, the
Book of Mormonism, etc."11 Masonry will tolerate any lie.
But true Christianity is intolerant of the lie. The
believer confesses that only God Himself can and does reveal the
Truth. The only record of the self-revelatory speech of God is
recorded for us in Scripture. The believer denies the claim of
revelation to any and all books other than the Bible. Truth is
intolerant of the lie, for God's name sake. Christianity condemns as
products of sin the Koran, the book of Mormon, etc. You can perceive
then that Masonry has too many "good books." Though it claims to
accept the Bible as the Word of God, it in reality denies this fact.
This is true, for Masonry fails to acknowledge the exclusive position
of the Bible as the only infallible, wholly inspired record of the
revelation of the one Triune God. Masonry's attempt to equate the
Bible and the Koran, for example, viewing them as having equal value
and validity, is to deny the sole, exclusive position of Holy
Scripture. The matter is not relative.
What does Masonry have to say about Jesus Christ?
Masonry chooses to ignore, rather than to deny explicitly, the
divinity of Christ Jesus. But their attempt to ignore the cornerstone
of the Church will not free them from condemnation. The Bible, as
God's Word, demands of everyone that they believe; no one has the
right to ignore the issue. Christ confronts every man with the
pertinent question: "Whom say ye that I am?" We must, man must believe
and confess that Jesus is the eternal Son of God in the flesh, the
Saviour of His elect people.
Many there be that condemn the secrecy of the
lodge, many there be that condemn its "bloodcurdling oaths." Oh,
one can say that these oaths are just innocent fun, kids' stuff; but
that is not true. The matter of an oath is a serious spiritual matter.
When one takes an oath he calls the living personal God to witness to
the truth of his statement. The Masons understand that fact too ...
just read again of the oaths of the lodge and its secrecy; but what we
must clearly understand is that its secrecy and its oaths in all their
repulsiveness are only peripheral matters. The Masonic Lodge is wrong
at more basic points. Know too, that their basic wrongs are not
innocent errors of judgment, but are deliberate rejections of the
truth of Scripture. The Masonic Lodge denies the truth concerning the
one, living, eternal, Triune God; it rejects revelation; it refuses to
confess the eternal divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ. This is the
heart of the matter! Since the religion of the Masonic Lodge is wrong
at its centre, it is dead wrong in all its aspects. It is man's
religion, Humanism. Masonry holds to an unscriptural, unbelieving
concept of anthropology, sin, brotherhood, unity and salvation.
The Masonic Lodge is an anti-christian
organization. Their religion is not merely wrong ... it is
anti-christian! It is Man's proud attempt (which will surely fail) to
establish this universal brotherhood of men over against the One,
Holy, Catholic Church of Jesus our Lord. Only in the Church of Christ
is there and can there be Brotherhood. Believers in all nations and in
all ages are One in faith in Christ, for Christ hath redeemed us in
order that we should be One in Him.
Let me conclude this discussion with the following
succinct evaluation of the Masonic Lodge: "Freemasonry ... is a
religious sect diametrically opposed to Christianity ... The morality
of Masonry is a pagan sensuousness; its much vaunted benevolence is
devoid of the charity of Christ; its history shows Masonry to be the
renaissance of pagan mysticism, the religious application of the
principles of the humanists, who strove to carry the world back to
Such is my evaluation! Do you agree?
1William J. Whalen,
Handbook of Secret Organizations (Milwaukee: Burce Pub. Co.,
1966), p. 46.
2Ibid., p. 53.
3Ibid., p. 54.
4Albert Mackey, An Encyclopedia of Freemasonry
(Philadelphia: Moss and Co., 1875), p. 315.
5Whalen, Op. cit., p. 57.
6J. F. Newton, The Builders (New York: Macoy Pub.
and Masonic Supply Co., 1930), p. 241.
7Ibid., p. 251.
8Ibid., p. 258.
9Mackey, Loc. cit.
10Arthur Pruess, Dictionary of Secret and Other
(St. Louis, Mo.: B. Herder Book Co., 1924), p. 143.
11Pruess, Loc. cit.
12Pruess, Loc. cit.